Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Evaluation of a semi-automated in vitro feeding system for Dermacentor reticulatus and Ixodes ricinus adults (2018)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Böhme, Bettina (WE 13)
    Krull, Christoph (WE 13)
    Clausen, Peter-Henning (WE 13)
    Nijhof, Ard M (WE 13)
    Optimierung und Automatisierung der künstlichen Schildzeckenfütterung
    Parasitology research; 117(2) — S. 565–570
    ISSN: 0932-0113
    DOI: 10.1007/s00436-017-5648-y
    Pubmed: 29297094
    Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35, 22, 23
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62310 Fax.+49 30 838 62323

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The long feeding duration of ixodid ticks and need for regular blood changes turns the artificial feeding of ticks into a tedious process. To reduce the number of blood changes, a semi-automated system (SAS) for the artificial feeding of hard ticks was developed and evaluated. It consisted of a glass feeding reservoir that can accommodate six tick feeding chambers. A peristaltic pump was used to pump blood through the feeding reservoir, which was changed once daily. Groups of Dermacentor reticulatus and Ixodes ricinus adults were fed simultaneously in both the SAS and a conventional in vitro feeding system. In the conventional system, feeding chambers were hung inside a glass beaker filled with blood that was replaced twice daily. Dermacentor reticulatus adults fed in the SAS obtained significantly higher engorgement weights. Although engorgement rates between both systems were comparable, significantly more SAS-fed females laid fertile egg batches. The egg batch weight of SAS-fed females was also significantly higher. In contrast, the engorgement rate and fecundity of SAS-fed I. ricinus were significantly reduced in comparison to ticks fed in the conventional system. This reduction was likely to be caused by fungal infestation, which could spread between feeding chambers in the SAS. Although the SAS reduced the workload compared to the conventional feeding system and showed promising results for the in vitro feeding of D. reticulatus adults, measures to prevent fungal infestations in the SAS should be considered in future studies.