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In this study, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was combined with the genetic detection of six genetic markers, ansB, dmsA, ggt, cj1585c, cjj81176-1367/71 (cj1365c), and the two-gene marker tlp7 (cj0951c plus cj0952c), to assess if their presence correlated with different C. jejuni clonal groups. Using a collection of 266 C. jejuni isolates from (in decreasing order of sample size) humans, chickens, cattle, and turkeys, it was further investigated whether the resulting genotypes correlated with the isolation source. We found combinations of the six marker genes to be mutually exclusive, and their patterns of presence or absence correlated to some degree with animal source. Together with MLST results, the obtained genotypes could be segregated into six groups. An association was identified for ansB, dmsA, and ggt with the MLST-clonal complexes (MLST-CC) 22, 42, 45, and 283, which formed the most prominent group, in which chickens were the most prevalent animal source. Two other groups, characterized by the presence of cj1585c, cjj81176-1367/71, and the two-gene marker tlp7, associated with either MLST-CC 21 or 61, were overrepresented in isolates of bovine origin. Mutually exclusive marker gene combinations were observed for ansB, dmsA, and ggt, typically found in CC 45 and the related CC 22, 42, and 283, whereas the other three marker genes were found mostly in CC 21, 48, and 206. The presence of the two-gene marker tlp7, which is typical for MLST 21 and 53 as well as for MLST-CC 61, strongly correlates with a bovine host; this is interpreted as an example of host adaptation. In cases of C. jejuni outbreaks, these genetic markers could be helpful for more effective source tracking.