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    In vitro and in vivo characteristics of bacterial phytases and their efficacy in broiler chickens (2007)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Elkhalil, E A I
    Männer, K
    Borriss, R
    Simon, O
    Quelle
    British poultry science; 48(1) — S. 64–70
    ISSN: 0007-1668
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 17364542
    Kontakt
    Institut für Tierernährung

    Königin-Luise-Str. 49
    Gebäude 8
    14195 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 52256 Fax.+49 30 838-55938
    email:tierernaehrung@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    1. Three bacterial phytases derived from Bacillus, Escherichia coli or Klebsiella were compared with a phytase derived from Aspergillus niger in vitro and in vivo. 2. The in vitro results indicated that Aspergillus, E. coli and Klebsiella phytase displayed their activity optima in an acid pH range while Bacillus phytase did so in neutral pH. 3. The trials also revealed that only Bacillus phytase is more resistant to heat treatments, while E. coli and Klebsiella phytases are more stable against proteolytic inactivation. 4. In vivo phytases derived from Aspergillus, Bacillus, E. coli, Klebsiella or a combination of Bacillus and E. coli improved the utilisation of phosphorus (P balance) significantly to 0.54, 0.54, 0.55, 0.55 or 0.58, respectively, compared to 0.42 in the negative control. 5. The phytases used in this study seemed to be equally effective in improving P utilisation regardless of proposed intestinal site of activity. Combination of phytases acting in the gizzard with phytases acting in the intestine seems to be a promising way to further improving in vivo efficacy of phytases in poultry.