Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Effects of B-trichothecenes on luminal glucose transport across the isolated jejunal epithelium of broiler chickens (2008)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Awad, W A
    Razzazi-Fazeli, E
    Böhm, J
    Zentek, J
    Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition; 92(3) — S. 225–230
    ISSN: 0931-2439
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2007.00709.x
    Pubmed: 18477301
    Institut für Tierernährung

    Königin-Luise-Str. 49
    Gebäude 8
    14195 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 52256 Fax.+49 30 838-55938

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Trichothecenes are closely-related sesquiterpenoids (ring structure) with a 12, 13 epoxy ring and a variable number of hydroxyl, acetyl or other substituents. In chickens, D-glucose and amino acid absorption occurs via carrier-mediated transport. Recently, it has been observed that deoxynivalenol (DON) alters the gut function and impairs glucose and amino acid transport in chickens. The purpose of this work was to determine the effects of different B-trichothecenes [DON, Nivalenol (NIV), 15-Ac-DON and Fusarenon X (FUS X)] on intestinal carrier-mediated sodium co-transport of D-glucose in the small intestine of broiler chickens. Intestinal transport was determined by changes in the short-circuit current (Isc), proportional to ion transmembrane flux, in the middle segment of the jejunum of broilers with the Ussing chamber technique. D-glucose produced an increase of the Isc, and this effect was reverted by different B-trichothecene mycotoxins, indicating that the glucose induced Isc was altered by B-trichothecenes. The addition of glucose after pre-incubation of the tissues with B-trichothecenes had no effect (p > 0.05) on the Isc, suggesting that B-trichothecenes afflicted the Na(+)-D-glucose co-transport. However, FUX had no obvious effect on the measured parameters. It could be concluded from the present study that the glucose co-transporter activity appears to be more sensitive to DON, NIV and 15-Ac-DON suppression than by FUS X in the jejunum of broilers.