Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    In vitro aflatoxin B(1) exposure decreases response to carbamylcholine in the jejunal epithelium of broilers (2010)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Yunus, A W
    Awad, W A
    Kröger, S
    Zentek, J
    Böhm, J
    Poultry Science; 89(7) — S. 1372–1378
    ISSN: 0032-5791
    DOI: 10.3382/ps.2009-00617
    Pubmed: 20548064
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The study was conducted to evaluate if aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) has the capacity to affect the electrophysiological variables and active glucose uptake in jejunal epithelium of chicken. For this purpose, intestinal segments from the middle jejunum of broilers (35 to 39 d old) were incubated in Ussing chambers in the presence of 0 (vehicle control), 1.25, 2.50, and 3.75 microg of AFB(1)/mL of buffer. After 40 and 60 min of incubation with AFB(1), d-glucose (20 mmol/L) and carbamylcholine (200 micromol/L; an analog of acetylcholine and inducer of apical Cl(-) secretion) were respectively added to the incubation medium. Addition of 3.75 microg of AFB(1) caused an increase (P < 0.04) in short-circuit current (I(sc)) and transmural potential difference (V(t)) between 12 to 27 min postexposure as compared with the control. Glucose-induced DeltaI(sc) and percentage of DeltaV(t) were reduced (P < 0.04) at 2.5 and 3.75 microg of AFB(1)/mL, respectively, as compared with the control. The carbamylcholine-induced DeltaI(sc) and DeltaV(t) were both lower (P < 0.05) at 3.75 microg of AFB(1)/mL as compared with the control (-0.05 microA/cm(2), 0.1 mV vs. 1.1 microA/cm(2), and 0.6 mV, respectively). These observations indicate that acute exposure to AFB(1) may increase apical anion secretion in the jejunal epithelium of chicken. The negative effect of this increased anion secretion on active glucose uptake was, however, not prominent and may be considered as moderate or progressive in nature.