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Seasonal changes in spermatogenesis were studied with respect to testicular production of both testosterone and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in mink. The testes were collected in November (n = 15; testis recrudescence), February (n = 15; before breeding season), March (n = 14; breeding season), and May (n = 11; testis involution) and the following parameters of testicular activity were quantified: testicular mass, number of testicular spermatozoa, percentages of haploid, diploid, and tetraploid (G2/M-phase) cells and content of testosterone and EGF. The growth factor was immunohistochemically localized in the parenchyma. Testis mass, spermatogenic activity, and the production of both testosterone and EGF were maximal in March, but were not significantly different from the levels in February. The correlation between testis weight and sperm per testis was r = 0.825 (P < 0.001). Testosterone and EGF levels were correlated to each other (r = 0.78; P < 0.001) and had significant positive correlations to testis mass, number of sperm and proportion of haploid cells; and negative correlations to percentages of mitotic cells. EGF was localized in interstitial cells and in the luminal region of seminiferous tubules, where it occurred during the last steps of spermiogenesis. We inferred that intensified seasonal spermatogenesis was stimulated by testosterone and by autocrine/paracrine effects of EGF.