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Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) influences spermatogenesis, but its impact on seasonally regulated sperm production is still not fully understood. Thus, we investigated both expression levels and localisation of VEGFA and its receptors VEGFR1 and 2 in roe buck testis via real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry in relation to seasonal changes in the cellular composition of the testis. VEGFA was expressed by interstitial cells while its receptors were found on endothelial and perivascular cells. Inside the tubules, VEGFA was located in spermatogonia and spermatocytes, VEGFR1 was present on elongating spermatids and VEGFR2 on Sertoli cells. VEGFR1 mRNA was expressed tenfold lower than VEGFR2 and VEGF mRNAs. Relative VEGF and VEGFR2 expression (divided by the number of VEGFA and VEGFR2 expressing cells) showed an increase towards the rut (July/August) and a decrease thereafter. The results suggest involvement of VEGFA in the adjustment of vascular permeability as well as in spermiogenesis and the proliferation of spermatogonia.