Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Das Einhornverbundhufeisen : Ergebnisse aus dem Einsatz einer Form des geklebten Hufschutzes am Pferd (2001)

    Neubert, Dorothea Emma Elwine
    Berlin, 2001 — 152 Seiten
    Klinik für Pferde, allgemeine Chirurgie und Radiologie

    Oertzenweg 19 b
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62299

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    In the following study, a new synthetic horseshoe developed by the Unicorn integrated horseshoe company is examined. The shoe consists of a flexible support frame embedded in an Methyl -metacyl ate compound that is being utilised commercially as synthetic horn and enables state-of-the-art methods of fixing hoof protection for horses.The effects of this new technique on specific parameters, in this case hoof wall angel, hoof length, hoof width and heel height, were studied over a field range of 100 hooves. Further study was undertaken as to the impact of this synthetic horseshoe oil hoof form, horn quality, the white line and the frog as well as specific hoof anomalies in a total field range of 62 hooves.The durability and wear characteristics of this new technology were noted and evaluated.Measurements taken of singular hoof parameters resulted in the data being categorised as statistically increased, statistically decreased and statistically constant values. From this analysis it can be demonstrated that 60 % of toe angles and hoof heel heights showed, on average, between 78 to 120 shoe carried days a significant improvement in regeneration of the affected areas.The evaluation of specific anomalies during the study result in 70.9 % of the affected hooves showing a visible improvement. With respect to the number of days in which the synthetic horn shoe is worn, it can be shown that visible improvements are detected for flat hooves after 103 days, for heel pressured hooves after 56 days, for fissured hornwall hooves after 126 days, for hooves with chronic laminitis after 78 days, for hooves with pododermatitis after 45 days and finally for club feet after 163 days. On average, the quality of the hoof horn improved within 59 days and the condition of the white line after 40 days.A comparison between the Unicorn integrated horseshoe and the common iron horseshoe with respect to durability demonstrates an at least equivalent performance in this regard but without the known disadvantages of the common iron horseshoe. The intrinsic structuralnature and behaviour of the Unicorn integrated horseshoe system emulates the natural mechanism of the hoof closer than that of a comparably stiff and inflexible common iron horseshoe.During this study some important disadvantages of the unicorn integrated horseshoe were noted. The Unicorn integrated horseshoe application method takes more time and incurs higher costs when compared to the common iron horseshoe. Furthermore, young and nervous horses are generally a problem for attaining a strong adhesive bond to the shoe, and in these cases tranquilisation is indicated.In addition to the above, the unicorn integrated horseshoe demonstrates better than average wear characteristics and an increased safety margin through improved grip and enhanced gait especially in critical environments such as snow and sand, characteristics and performance criteria which are given high priorities by owners and riders.