Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Ergebnisse einer röntgenologischen Reihenuntersuchung von Zehen und Sprunggelenken zweijähriger Hannoveraner und Trakehner Hengste (2001)

    Kahler, Gaby
    Berlin, 2001 — 109 Seiten
    Klinik für Pferde, allgemeine Chirurgie und Radiologie

    Oertzenweg 19 b
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62299

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    This study evaluates the x-rays material gathered from 669 stallions.At disposal are x-rays of each front toe in the lateromedial and the dorsopalmar (Oxspring) view and radiographs of the hock in different views.These x-rays are evaluated with the aid of an x-ray evaluation scheme (system). This schemeregisters 45 locations and criteria and makes it possible to investigate the frequency of radiographical findings through the use of coding.Of great importance is the quality, length, form, structure and contour and the branching of the canales sesamoidales. 1324 x-rays of the dorsopalmar (Oxspring) view are evaluated. Of these cases, 90,6% is and 90,3% show anomalies in the left and right foreleg respectively. 19 stallions are found to comply with the physiological norm.The most frequent anomally is a pointed extensor of the coffin bone in 6,3% of the cases studied followed by 2,3% of cases displaying _isolated calcification". Partially ossification of hoof cartilage is found in 1,4% of cases.The proximal interphalangeal joints show exostosis of the middle phalanx in 1,8% and 5, 1% in forelegs and hindlegs respectively.,,Isolated calcification" is the most anomally found with a frequency in the fetlock joints of 3,4% and 6,4% in fore- and hindlegs respectively.Exostosis of the proximal sesamoid bones is detected in 13,8% of foreleg cases and 2,2% of hindleg cases.The most findings at the end of the tibia of the cases studied are joint mice. Frequencies of 4,4% and 2,9% are detected on left and right sides respectively. This is followed by the trochleas of the talus in 0,9% of the cases. In the majority of cases distal tarsal joints insignificant alterations of spavin is detected. 5,7% are found in the right tarsometatarsal joint and in 4,4% in the left. The right distal intertarsal joint is affected in 2,6% of cases and 1,5% in the left joint. Only 0,4% can be found in the proximal intertarsal joint.These results demonstrate that deviation from the norm in healthy horses are frequent and therefore a conclusive assessment of the state of health is not attainable by the use of xraytechnology only. This procedure is to be recommended for horses breeders and potential buyers, for the early detection and indication of any impending and neccessary treatment that may be required and the repercussions and responsebilities that these may place upon the buyer.