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    Sustainable and profitable livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa needs to be based on the design of innovative vector control techniques for resource-poor farmers (2009)

    Art
    Vortrag
    Autoren
    Bauer, B.
    Clausen, P-H
    Kongress
    10th Biennial Conference of the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine
    Lübeck, 29.06. – 03.07.2009
    Quelle
    Biennial Conference 2009, Theme: One Health, One Medicine: Building Bridge to Face the Challenge of Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases ; Abstracts — Julio V. Figueroa ... (Hrsg.)
    Society for the Tropical Veterinary Medicine, 2009 — S. 55–56
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Kontakt
    Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35, 22, 23
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62310 Fax.+49 30 838 62323
    email:parasitologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The increasing demand for meat and dairy products ? notably in the vicinity of expanding urban centres in many African countries ? requires the foreseeable intensification of livestock production systems. A concomitant and inevitable increase of vector-borne diseases needs to be countered by integrated pest management (IPM) practices. Arguably, tsetse-transmitted trypanosomosis is one of the most devastating diseases, affecting human and livestock health, agricultural production and rural development (1).Trypanocidal drugs still constitute the mainstay and are the most commonly purchased and used livestock input by resource-poor farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. The increasing occurrence of wide-spread resistance against trypanocidal drugs is warranting new approaches, particularly targeting vector control methods. There are now efforts to eradicate tsetse and the diseases on a Pan-African scale (2). So far, a lack of sustainability has led to the reappearance of tsetse once the external funding had come to an end. Habitat modification through an encroachment of human activities has led to the disappearance of tsetse from many areas (?autonomous control?) although some tsetse species have a capacity for adapting to peri-domestic sites. In the absence of tsetse other vectors are becoming increasingly relevant. Flies from the sub-family Muscinae are known to transmit more than 100 pathogens of potential risk for human and animal health. The uncontrolled use of insecticides has led to an increase in insecticidal resistance. The recent design of a new vector control method is offering a promising alternative to the wide-spread use of trypanocides and insecticides. Insecticide-treated mosquito fences were found to effectively control tsetse and nuisance flies when circumventing pens or other enclosures for livestock at a height of 1 ? 1.50m. This new vector control approach is considered to offer considerable advantages insofar that it has not only a private but also public goods character, since spin-offs can be expected that are beneficial due to a control of vectors, which might otherwise inflict damages to neighbouring farmers or livestock.