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The occurrence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- (ESBL) and/or AmpC beta-lactamase- (AmpC) producing Enterobacteriaceae in livestock, especially in broiler fattening flocks, has been demonstrated in previous studies. Nevertheless, data on transmission routes of these resistant bacteria into the fattening farms are rare. Therefore, seven broiler fattening flocks were investigated for the occurrence of ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae during the course of the fattening period with the special focus on horizontal transmission routes. ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae from both individual animals and their housing environment were isolated at different time points and the housing environment was even sampled before the arrival of the chickens. All obtained ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae were examined for their bacterial species, Escherichia coli phylogroup, and occurrence of resistance genes. Selected isolates were further analyzed via whole-genome sequencing. All seven investigated flocks were tested positive for ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae with widely varying prevalence between the flocks. In one flock, the ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae were already detected in the housing environment before the arrival of the animals. In general, among the different types of ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae determined E. coli harboring a blaCMY-2gene was the most frequent. Using whole-genome analyses we observed a horizontal transmission of ESBL-/AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae through contaminated housing environment as two flocks consecutively fattened in the same farm harbored closely related ESBL-producing isolates. This demonstrates the influence of a previous fattened flock on the ESBL-/AmpC-status of a following broiler flock and, therefore, the importance of hygiene measures on farm level.