Oertzenweg 19 b
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Zinc supplementation is used to reduce diarrhea incidence in piglets and it has been shown in vitro that the antisecretory effects are maximal after basolateral zinc application. To examine whether the application site and dose of zinc also influence passive ion permeability and viability, porcine (IPEC-J2) and human (Caco-2) intestinal epithelial cells were treated with increasing zinc concentrations (0-200 μM) at either the apical or basolateral side. Transepithelial electrical resistance and viability decreased and expression of metallothionein and the efflux zinc transporter 1 increased most prominently when zinc was added in high concentrations at the basolateral side of IPEC-J2 cells. Zinc transporter 4, a zinc importer, was not affected. Heat shock protein 70 mRNA expression increased only after basolateral addition of 200 μM zinc in IPEC-J2 cells. Thus, zinc can elicit toxic effects especially when added at the basolateral side, with IPEC-J2 cells being more susceptible than Caco-2 cells.