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    Toll-like receptor-4 dependent intestinal gene expression during Arcobacter butzleri infection of gnotobiotic IL-10 deficient mice (2016)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Heimesaat, Markus M.
    Alter, Thomas (WE 8)
    Bereswill, Stefan
    Gölz, Greta (WE 8)
    Quelle
    European journal of microbiology & immunology; 6(1) — S. 67–80
    ISSN: 2062-509x
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1556/1886.2016.00006
    Pubmed: 27141316
    Kontakt
    Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit und -hygiene

    Königsweg 69
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62550
    lebensmittelhygiene@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    We have previously shown that Arcobacter butzleri infection induces Toll-like receptor (TLR) -4 dependent immune responses in perorally infected gnotobiotic IL-10(-/-) mice. Here, we analyzed TLR-4-dependent expression of genes encoding inflammatory mediators and matrix-degrading gelatinases MMP-2 and -9 in the small and large intestines of gnotobiotic TLR-4-deficient IL-10(-/-) mice that were perorally infected with A. butzleri strains CCUG 30485 or C1, of human and chicken origin, respectively. At day 6 following A. butzleri infection, colonic mucin-2 mRNA, as integral part of the intestinal mucus layer, was downregulated in the colon, but not ileum, of IL-10(-/-) but not TLR-4(-/-) IL-10(-/-) mice. CCUG 30485 strain-infected TLR-4-deficient IL-10(-/-) mice displayed less distinctly upregulated IFN-γ, IL-17A, and IL-1β mRNA levels in ileum and colon, which was also true for colonic IL-22. These changes were accompanied by upregulated colonic MMP-2 and ileal MMP-9 mRNA exclusively in IL-10(-/-) mice. In conclusion, TLR-4 is essentially involved in A. butzleri mediated modulation of gene expression in the intestines of gnotobiotic IL-10(-/-) mice.