Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Long term stability and infectivity of herpesviruses in water (2017)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Dayaram, Anisha
    Franz, Mathias
    Schattschneider, Alexander
    Damiani, Armando M (WE 5)
    Bischofberger, Sebastian (WE 5)
    Osterrieder, Nikolaus (WE 5)
    Greenwood, Alex D (WE 1)
    Scientific reports; 7(Artikel-Nr.: 46559) — S. 1–10
    ISSN: 2045-2322
    DOI: 10.1038/srep46559
    Pubmed: 28429732
    Institut für Virologie

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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    For viruses to utilize environmental vectors (hard surfaces, soil, water) for transmission, physical and chemical stability is a prerequisite. There are many factors including pH, salinity, temperature, and turbidity that are known to contribute to the ability of viruses to persist in water. Equine herpesvirus type-1 (EHV-1) is a pathogenic alphaherpesvirus associated with domestic horses and wild equids. EHV-1 and recombinants of EHV-1 and EHV-9 are able to cause infections in non-equid animal species, particularly in captive settings. Many of the captive non-equid mammals are not naturally sympatric with equids and do not share enclosures, however, in many cases water sources may overlap. Similarly, in the wild, equids encounter many species at waterholes in times of seasonal drought. Therefore, we hypothesized that EHV-1 is stable in water and that water may act as a vector for EHV-1. In order to establish the conditions promoting or hindering EHV-1 longevity, infectivity and genomic stability in water; we exposed EHV-1 to varied water environments (pH, salinity, temperature, and turbidity) in controlled experiments over 21 days. The presence and infectivity of the virus was confirmed by both qPCR and cell culture experiments. Our results show that EHV-1 remains stable and infectious under many conditions in water for up to three weeks.