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    Cell culture systems to study Human Herpesvirus 6A/B Chromosomal Integration (2017)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Gravel, Annie
    Dubuc, Isabelle
    Wallaschek, Nina (WE 5)
    Gilbert-Girard, Shella
    Collin, Vanessa
    Hall-Sedlak, Ruth
    Jerome, Keith R
    Mori, Yasuko
    Carbonneau, Julie
    Boivin, Guy
    Kaufer, Benedikt B (WE 5)
    Flamand, Louis
    Quelle
    Journal of virology; 91(14) — S. e00437-17
    ISSN: 0022-538x
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00437-17
    Pubmed: 28468878
    Kontakt
    Institut für Virologie

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35
    14163 Berlin
    Tel. +49 30 838 51833 Fax. +49 30 838 451847
    email:viro@zedat.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Human herpesviruses 6A/B (HHV-6A/B) can integrate their viral genomes in the telomeres of human chromosomes. The viral and cellular factors contributing to HHV-6A/B integration remain largely unknown, mostly due to the lack of efficient and reproducible cell culture models to study HHV-6A/B integration. In this study, we characterized the HHV-6A/B integration efficiencies in several human cell lines using two different approaches. First, after a short-term infection (5h) cells were processed to single-cell cloning and analyzed for chromosomally-integrated HHV-6A/B (ciHHV-6A/B). Second, cells were infected with HHV-6A/B and allowed to grow in bulk for 4 weeks or longer and then analyzed for the presence of ciHHV-6. Using qPCR, droplet digital PCR and fluorescent in situ hybridization, we could demonstrate that HHV-6A/B integrated in most human cell lines tested, including telomerase positive (HeLa, MCF-7, HCT-116, HEK293T) and telomerase negative cell lines (U2OS and GM847). Our results also indicate that inhibition of DNA replication, using phosphonoacetic acid, did not affect HHV-6A/B integration. Certain clones harboring ciHHV-6A/B spontaneously express viral genes and proteins. Treatment of ciHHV-6A(+/)B(+) cells with phorbol ester or histone deacetylase inhibitors triggered the expression of many viral genes including U39, U90 and U100 without the production of infectious virus, suggesting that the tested stimuli were not sufficient to trigger full reactivation. In summary, both integration models yielded comparable results and should enable the identification of viral and cellular factors contributing to HHV-6A/B integration and the screening of drugs influencing viral gene expression and release of infectious HHV-6A/B from the integrated state.IMPORTANCE The analysis and understanding of human herpesviruses 6A and 6B (HHV-6A/B) genome integration into host DNA is currently limited due to the lack of reproducible and efficient viral integration systems. In the present study, we describe two quantitative cell-culture viral integration systems. These systems can be used to define cellular and viral factors that play a role in HHV-6A/B integration. Furthermore, these systems will allow us to decipher the conditions resulting in virus gene expression and excision of the integrated viral genome resulting in reactivation.