Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Pre-calving feeding of rumen-protected rice bran to multiparous dairy cows improves recovery of calcaemia after calving (2016)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Martín-Tereso, Javier
    Martens, Holger (WE 2)
    Deiner, Carolin (WE 2)
    van Laar, Harmen
    den Hartog, Leo A
    Verstegen, Martin W A
    The journal of dairy research; 83(3) — S. 281–288
    ISSN: 0022-0299
    DOI: 10.1017/S002202991600039X
    Pubmed: 27600961
    Institut für Veterinär-Physiologie

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    14163 Berlin
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Dairy cows can have different degrees of hypocalcaemia around calving. Lowering dietary Ca availability before calving can prevent it. Rice bran, treated for lower rumen degradability of phytic acid can reduce dietary availability of Ca. During 3 periods of 3 weeks, 113 multiparous cows calved in a single close-up group, which was fed first a control diet, then 140 g/kg DM of rumen-protected rice bran, and at last the control diet again. Cows joined the group 3 weeks before expected calving date and left it at calving. Blood samples were taken weekly before parturition and 0, 6 and 12 h after calving, as well as 3 and 28 d in lactation. Serum was analysed for Ca, Mg, and P. Rice bran introduction produced a transient serum Ca decrease. Rice bran feeding reduced serum P and its withdrawal reduced serum Mg. Serum Ca at calving, nadir of serum Ca and serum Ca the first 3 d after calving was higher in cows calving during rice bran feeding. Serum P decreased less and recovered faster after calving when cows had been fed rice bran. Rumen-protected rice bran reduced dietary availability of Ca and induced adaptation of Ca metabolism resulting in improved Ca and P homoeostasis at calving.