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CNNM2 is associated with the regulation of serum Mg concentration, and when mutated, with severe familial hypomagnesemia. The function and cellular localization of CNNM2 and its isomorphs (Iso) remain controversial. The objective of this work was to examine the following: (1) the transcription-responsiveness of CNNM2 to Mg starvation, (2) the cellular localization of Iso1 and Iso2, (3) the ability of Iso1 and Iso2 to transport Mg2+, and (4) the complex-forming ability and spectra of potential interactors of Iso1 and Iso2. The five main findings are as follows. (1) Mg-starvation induces CNNM2 overexpression that is markedly higher in JVM-13 cells (lymphoblasts) compared with Jurkat cells (T-lymphocytes). (2) Iso1 and Iso2 localize throughout various subcellular compartments in transgenic HEK293 cells overexpressing Iso1 or Iso2. (3) Iso1 and Iso2 do not transport Mg2+ in an electrogenic or electroneutral mode in transgenic HEK293 cells overexpressing Iso1 or Iso2. (4) Both Iso1 and Iso2 form complexes of a higher molecular order. (5) The spectrum of potential interactors of Iso1 is ten times smaller than that of Iso2. We conclude that sensitivity of CNNM2 expression to extracellular Mg2+ depletion depends on cell type. Iso1 and Iso2 exhibit a dispersed pattern of cellular distribution; thus, they are not exclusively integral to the cytoplasmic membrane. Iso1 and Iso2 are not Mg2+ transporters per se. Both isomorphs form protein complexes, and divergent spectra of potential interactors of Iso1 and Iso2 indicate that each isomorph has a distinctive function. CNNM2 is therefore the first ever identified Mg2+ homeostatic factor without being a Mg2+ transporter per se.