Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    The Goblet Cell Protein Clca1 (Alias mClca3 or Gob-5) Is Not Required for Intestinal Mucus Synthesis, Structure and Barrier Function in Naive or DSS-Challenged Mice (2015)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Erickson, Nancy A. (WE 12)
    Nyström, Elisabeth E. L.
    Mundhenk, Lars (WE 12)
    Arike, Liisa
    Glauben, Rainer
    Heimesaat, Markus M.
    Fischer, André
    Bereswill, Stefan
    Birchenough, George M. H.
    Gruber, Achim D. (WE 12)
    Johansson, Malin E. V.
    PLoS one; 10(7) — S. e0131991
    ISSN: 1932-6203
    URL (Volltext): http://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000022987
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131991
    Pubmed: 26162072
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The secreted, goblet cell-derived protein Clca1 (chloride channel regulator, calcium-activated-1) has been linked to diseases with mucus overproduction, including asthma and cystic fibrosis. In the intestine Clca1 is found in the mucus with an abundance and expression pattern similar to Muc2, the major structural mucus component. We hypothesized that Clca1 is required for the synthesis, structure or barrier function of intestinal mucus and therefore compared wild type and Clca1-deficient mice under naive and at various time points of DSS (dextran sodium sulfate)-challenged conditions. The mucus phenotype in Clca1-deficient compared to wild type mice was systematically characterized by assessment of the mucus protein composition using proteomics, immunofluorescence and expression analysis of selected mucin genes on mRNA level. Mucus barrier integrity was assessed in-vivo by analysis of bacterial penetration into the mucus and translocation into sentinel organs combined analysis of the fecal microbiota and ex-vivo by assessment of mucus penetrability using beads. All of these assays revealed no relevant differences between wild type and Clca1-deficient mice under steady state or DSS-challenged conditions in mouse colon. Clca1 is not required for mucus synthesis, structure and barrier function in the murine colon.