Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    LRP2 Acts as SHH Clearance Receptor to Protect the Retinal Margin from Mitogenic Stimuli (2015)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Christ, Annabel
    Christa, Anna
    Klippert, Julia
    Eule, J Corinna (WE 20)
    Bachmann, Sebastian
    Wallace, Valerie A
    Hammes, Annette
    Willnow, Thomas E
    Developmental cell; 35(1) — S. 36–48
    ISSN: 1878-1551
    DOI: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.09.001
    Pubmed: 26439398
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    During forebrain development, LRP2 promotes morphogen signaling as an auxiliary SHH receptor. However, in the developing retina, LRP2 assumes the opposing function, mediating endocytic clearance of SHH and antagonizing morphogen action. LRP2-mediated clearance prevents spread of SHH activity from the central retina into the retinal margin to protect quiescent progenitor cells in this niche from mitogenic stimuli. Loss of LRP2 in mice increases the sensitivity of the retinal margin for SHH, causing expansion of the retinal progenitor cell pool and hyperproliferation of this tissue. Our findings document the ability of LRP2 to act, in a context-dependent manner, as activator or inhibitor of the SHH pathway. Our current findings uncovered LRP2 activity as the molecular mechanism imposing quiescence of the retinal margin in the mammalian eye and suggest SHH-induced proliferation of the retinal margin as cause of the large eye phenotype observed in mouse models and patients with LRP2 defects.