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The aim of this study was to determine the central corneal thickness (CCT) of healthy equine eyes with high-frequency ultrasound (HF) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and to measure the axial dimensions with B-mode ultrasound. Additionally, the influence of the age on the measured dimensions of the globe was analyzed.
Fifty warm blood horses (mean age 23.0 ± 21.12 months) were divided into 3 age groups (group 1: 0-6 months; group 2: ≥7-30 months; and group 3: ≥31-78 months).
Corneal measurements were performed with a 22-MHz and a 50-MHz transducer. Crystalline lens thickness (CLT), vitreous chamber depth (VCD), and axial globe length (AGL) were measured at a frequency of 10 MHz. Anterior chamber depth (ACD) was calculated. The eyes were measured under general anesthesia nonrelated to this study.
The mean CCT of 50 eyes was 818 ± 41 μm. The mean values ± SD in mm for axial dimensions were AGL 34.7 ± 2.7, ACD 3.4 ± 0.7, CLT 10.0 ± 0.9, and VCD of 20.4 ± 1.5. A positive correlation with increasing age was found for all dimensions. No significant differences were found between the gender and the left or right eye.
HF and UBM are valuable high-resolution imaging tools for CCT measurements in horses. The here-obtained values support previous findings that a positive correlation with increasing age exists for CCT, ACD, CLT, VCD, and AGL in horse.