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In this study the use of radiation synovectomy as a therapeutic option for dogs who were diagnosed with chronic synovitis was examined.
51 joints of 33 patients got a radiation synovectomy therapy in a private clinic for small animals. It was essential for our study to determine the status of the synovitis and the degenerative condition of the joint. Due to studies in human medicine these facors influence the therpeutic outcome.
There was no impairement in lameness or quality of life in the 46 joints that could be examined after 6 months. 54% joints were better in lameness and 41% had a better quality of life according to the owners.
No side effects could be seen in relation with radiation synovectomy.
Significantly more joints with a radiologic arthrosis degree II were better in lameness as joints with arthrosis degree III. For further studies the evaluation of the degree of arthrosis is an useful factor to predict the therapeutic effect of radiation synovectomy.
In our study radiation synovectomy proved to be a valuable therapeutical option for dogs that did not respond to other joint therapies. To confirm these results following studies are necessary.