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    Regulation of intracellular Zn homeostasis in two intestinal epithelial cell models at various maturation time points (2015)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Gefeller, Eva-Maria (WE 2)
    Bondzio, Angelika (WE 3)
    Aschenbach, Jörg R (WE 2)
    Martens, Holger (WE 2)
    Einspanier, Ralf (WE 3)
    Scharfen, Franziska
    Zentek, Jürgen (WE 3)
    Pieper, Robert (WE 3)
    Lodemann, Ulrike (WE 2)
    Quelle
    Journal of Physiological Sciences; 65(4) — S. 317–328
    ISSN: 1880-6546
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1007/s12576-015-0369-4
    Pubmed: 25757458
    Kontakt
    Institut für Veterinär-Physiologie

    Oertzenweg 19 b
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62600
    physiologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    After weaning, piglets are often fed diets supplemented with high concentrations of zinc (Zn) to decrease post-weaning diarrhea. The aim of this study was to elucidate the regulation of Zn homeostasis within intestinal epithelial cells during excessive Zn exposure. High Zn concentrations elevated the intracellular Zn level in IPEC-J2 and Caco-2 cells which was influenced by differentiation status and time of exposure. With increasing Zn concentrations, mRNA and protein levels of metallothionein (MT) and zinc transporter 1 (ZnT1) were upregulated, whereas zinc transporter 4 (ZIP4) expression was downregulated. Metal-regulatory transcription factor-1 (MTF1) mRNA expression was upregulated at high Zn concentrations in IPEC-J2 cells, which corresponded to higher intracellular Zn concentrations. Based on these results, we suggest that intestinal epithelial cells adapt the expression of these genes to the amount of extracellular Zn available in order to maintain Zn homeostasis. Cell line-dependent differences in the regulation of Zn homeostasis were detected.