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TRYRAC is a 5 year project (2012-2017) funded by the European Commission. The overall objective is improving trypanosomiasis management of livestock smallholders in western, eastern and southern Africa- represented by Togo, Ethiopia and Mozambique. The major constraints are ineffective chemical treatments due to limited accessibility of quality trypanocides, gaps in smallholder knowledge and technical limitations in the detection of trypanocide resistance. After determination of African Animal Trypanosomosis (AAT) and drug resistance prevalence, fact finding missions to Togo and Ethiopia were conducted during autumn 2013. State-of-the-art control strategies were designed by exploring veterinary services, trypanocide usage, farmers’ awareness and tsetse habitats. They comprise selection of effective trypanocides, promotion of rational drug use, affordable vector control and improving general animal husbandry practices. These best-bet-strategies are introduced to local farmers and veterinary institutions to support existing structures of national agricultural research systems. In Togo and Ethiopia AAT, dermatophilosis, other biting insects (and potential mechanical AAT transmission), illegal drug markets, calf mortality, and the farmers’ limited access to professional veterinary care were identified as main constraints to profitable animal husbandry. Defined strategies such as rational use of trypanocides, strategic deworming, targeted insecticidal spraying and use of insecticide treated nets are currently being implemented at demonstration sites. These sites will serve as demonstration plots during farmers’ workshops, regularly held by community-based organisations, while rational drug use is being disseminated through radio messages throughout the study area. Impact assessment will take place by longitudinal studies that include biological monitoring and questionnaires.