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    Loads and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. on fresh chicken meat in Nueva Ecija, Philippines (2014)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Sison, F. B.
    Chaisowwong, W.
    Alter, T. (WE 8)
    Tiwananthagorn, S.
    Pichpol, D.
    Lampang, K.N.
    Baumann, M. P. O. (WE 8)
    Gölz, G. (WE 8)
    Quelle
    Poultry Science; 93(5) — S. 1270–1273
    ISSN: 0032-5791
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.3382/ps.2013-03791
    Pubmed: 24795322
    Kontakt
    Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit und -hygiene

    Königsweg 69
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62550 Fax.+49 30 838 46029
    email:lebensmittelhygiene@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    This study was performed to determine the prevalence and to semiquantify Campylobacter spp. on chicken meat samples at 4 selected local wet markets in Nueva Ecija, Philippines, and to determine the antimicrobial resistance patterns of the Campylobacter isolates. Out of 120 chicken meat samples, 57 (47.5%) were Campylobacter spp. positive. The majority of isolated Campylobacter strains were identified as Campylobacter coli (54.4%) and 45.6% as Campylobacter jejuni. Most of these positive samples (52.6%) showed a very high quantitative Campylobacter contamination (most probable number > 2,400/g, lower confidence limit 580/g). For antimicrobial resistance testing, 44 C. coli/jejuni isolates were tested using the agar disk diffusion method. Out of these, 77.3% were resistant to ampicillin, followed by ciprofloxacin (70.4%), tetracycline (54.6%), erythromycin (20.2%), and gentamicin (11.4%). Of the isolates, 36.4% (n = 16) were resistant to 1 antimicrobial agent, 34.1% (n = 15) were resistance to 3 antimicrobial agents, 13.6% (n = 6) to 2 antimicrobial agents, 9.1% (n = 4) to 4 antimicrobial agents, and 6.8% (n = 3) to all 5 antimicrobial agents tested. Our data demonstrate a high contamination of fresh chicken meat with Campylobacter spp. at retail in the Philippines. The detected high Campylobacter prevalences and quantitative loads on chicken meat at retail in the Philippines highlight the need to implement efficient intervention measures along the food chain and to encourage sanitary handling of poultry meat.