Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Occurrence and characterization of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pig industries of northern Thailand (2014)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Patchanee, P.
    Tadee, P.
    Arjkumpa, O.
    Love, D.
    Chanachai, K.
    Alter, T. (WE 8)
    Hinjoy, S.
    Tharavichitkul, P.
    Journal of veterinary science / The Korean Society of Veterinary Science; 15(4) — S. 529–536
    ISSN: 1229-845x
    URL (Volltext): http://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000021588
    DOI: 10.4142/jvs.2014.15.4.529
    Pubmed: 25530702
    Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit und -hygiene

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    14163 Berlin
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in pigs, farm workers, and the environment in northern Thailand, and to assess LA-MRSA isolate phenotypic characteristics. One hundred and four pig farms were randomly selected from the 21,152 in Chiang Mai and Lamphun provinces in 2012. Nasal and skin swab samples were collected from pigs and farm workers. Environmental swabs (pig stable floor, faucet, and feeder) were also collected. MRSA was identified by conventional bacterial culture technique, with results confirmed by multiplex PCR and multi locus sequence typing (MLST). Herd prevalence of MRSA was 9.61% (10 of 104 farms). Among pigs, workers, and farm environments, prevalence was 0.68% (two of 292 samples), 2.53% (seven of 276 samples), and 1.28% (four of 312 samples), respectively. Thirteen MRSA isolates (seven from workers, four from environmental samples, and two from pigs) were identified as Staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec IV sequences type 9. Antimicrobial sensitivity tests found 100% of the MRSA isolates resistant to clindamycin, oxytetracycline, and tetracycline, while 100% were susceptible to cloxacillin and vancomycin. All possessed a multidrug-resistant phenotype. This is the first evidence of an LA-MRSA interrelationship among pigs, workers, and the farm environment in Thailand.