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    In vitro efficacy of cyclooctadepsipepdtides and aminophenylamidines alone and in combination against third-stage larvae and adult worms of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and first-stage larvae of Trichinella spiralis (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Kulke, Daniel (WE 13)
    Krücken, Jürgen (WE 13)
    Demeler, Janina (WE 13)
    Harder, Achim
    Mehlhorn, Heinz
    von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg (WE 13)
    Quelle
    Parasitology research; 112(1) — S. 335–345
    ISSN: 0932-0113
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1007/s00436-012-3141-1
    Pubmed: 23052772
    Kontakt
    Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35, 22, 23
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62310
    parasitologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The present study investigates the in vitro efficacy of derivatives of the cyclooctadepsipeptides and the aminophenylamidines, which are promising candidates for the evaluation of the treatment of human soil-transmitted helminthiases. The effects of emodepside and PF1022A as well as of amidantel, deacylated amidantel and tribendimidine were evaluated in a concentration range between 0.01 and 100 μg/ml against third-stage larvae (L3) and adult worms of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and first-stage larvae (L1) of Trichinella spiralis. Furthermore, drug combinations of PF1022A plus deacylated amidantel or tribendimidine and of tribendimidine plus levamisole were tested for any potential additive or even synergistic interactions. Emodepside had a significantly lower EC(50) value than PF1022A in the T. spiralis (0.02788 vs. 0.05862 μg/ml) and the N. brasiliensis (0.06188 vs. 0.1485 μg/ml) motility assays but not in the acetylcholine esterase secretion assay with adult N. brasiliensis (0.05650 vs. 0.06886 μg/ml). While amidantel showed only minimal or at best partial inhibition of nematode motility and acetylcholine esterase secretion, tribendimidine was nearly as potent as deacylated amidantel. Whereas deacylated amidantel had a significantly lower EC(50) than tribendimidine in the N. brasiliensis L3 motility assay (0.05492 vs. 0.2080 μg/ml), differences were not significant in the T. spiralis L1 motility assay (0.7766 vs. 1.145 μg/ml). Surprisingly, none of the combinations showed improved efficacy when compared to the individual drugs including levamisole/tribendimidine, which have previously been reported to act synergistically against Ancylostoma ceylanicum.