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The bovine lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus is of major economic importance in cattle farming in the temperate zones. The invertebrate protein paramyosin is one of the main components of muscle thick filaments but can also exhibit immunomodulatory functions. It represents a promising vaccine candidate in parasitic helminths. In this study, D. viviparus paramyosin (DvPmy) was characterized on the transcriptional as well as genomic level. The identified genomic sequence comprises 19 introns compared to only 10 introns in the Caenorhabditis elegans orthologue. Quantitative real time PCR transcriptional analysis revealed paramyosin transcription throughout the whole parasite's life cycle with the highest transcription rate in the agile moving first-stage larvae and the lowest in motionless hypobiosis induced third stage larvae. Recombinantly expressed DvPmy was found to bind collagen and IgG. Thereby the present study is the first showing that nematode paramyosin has the capability for immunomodulation and thus may be involved in host immune defence.