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    Development and evaluation of a recombinant antigen-based ELISA for serodiagnosis of cattle lungworm (2008)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    von Holtum, Christian
    Strube, Christina
    Schnieder, Thomas
    von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg (WE 13)
    Quelle
    Veterinary Parasitology; 151(2/4) — S. 218–226
    ISSN: 0304-4017
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 18155839
    Kontakt
    Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35, 22, 23
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62310
    parasitologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    An optimised enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of Dictyocaulus viviparous-specific antibodies was developed and evaluated following the testing of various microtitration plates and anti-bovine Ig-conjugates. Based on recombinant major sperm protein (MSP) expressed as a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) fusion protein in Escherichia coli, sera collected from 112 cattle experimentally infected with D. viviparus, from 129 helminth-naïve calves, 8 calves experimentally infected with Ostertagia ostertagi, and 2 calves infected with Cooperia oncophora were tested. ELISA results showed a calculated specificity and sensitivity as well as positive and negative predictive values of >99%. No cross-reactions with sera from calves infected with O. ostertagi or C. oncophora were observed. Lungworm-specific immunoglobulins were first detected from 28 to 35 days post-infection onwards. To differentiate between antibody-binding to the MSP-part or the GST-part of the fusion protein, additional ELISAs were performed using pure recombinant MSP or GST. Optical densities obtained from the ELISAs with the MSP showed a similar pattern to optical densities measured in the ELISAs with the fusion protein, whereas GST gave only a low background. By testing serum samples from naturally infected calves, it was found that the MSP-ELISA is positive even for sera from calves showing very low faecal larval counts. Thus, we conclude that the ELISA using the recombinant MSP-fusion protein appears to be a suitable method for routine diagnosis and epidemiological studies of cattle lungworm.