Tel.+49 30 838 62550 Fax.+49 30 838 46029
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and to semiquantify Campylobacter spp. on chicken breast skin samples at four selected local wet markets and to determine antimicrobial resistance patterns of the Campylobacter isolates. Fifty seven out of the 120 samples tested were confirmed to be positive for Campylobacter spp. The estimated prevalence was 47.5 (95 % CI: 38.66-56.72). Out of the 57 samples tested, 54.39% (n=31) were identified to be C. coli and 45.61% (n=26) C.jejuni. Among the four local wet markets, highest prevalence was determined in Cabanatuan with 35.09 %. Almost 53% of the samples tested positive for Campylobacter spp. had a contamination of MPN = ∞ (LCL 580/g) (1). With regards to degree of resistance to five antibiotics, out of the 44 isolates tested, 77.27% were resistant to ampicillin which is being the highest, followed by ciprofloxacin 70.45%, tetracycline 54.55%, erythromycin 20.25% and gentamicin 11.36%, respectively. Moreover, 81.82% (n=36) of the isolates were resistant to at least one antimicrobial agent. For two antimicrobial drugs, there were 13.64% (n=6), 38.64% (n=17) for three drugs, 13.64% for four drugs and 6.89% (n=3) were resistant to all five antimicrobial drugs. A similar trend of increasing pattern of multi-resistance was observed in the country and other countries where use of the antimicrobial drugs was moderately unrestricted in both humans and animals. Such high prevalence of Campylobacter spp. contamination in chicken meat at retail suggests the need of sanitary handling of poultry meat. Based on these data, we strongly suggest good and efficient intervention measures at slaughterhouses to minimize fecal contamination of broiler skin and decrease cross-contamination.