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    Foreword: towards markers for anthelmintic resistance in helminths of importance in animal and human health (2007)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Prichard, R K
    von Samson-Himmelstjerna, G (WE 13)
    Blackhall, W J
    Geary, T G
    Quelle
    Parasitology; 134(8) — S. 1073–1076
    ISSN: 0031-1820
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 17608966
    Kontakt
    Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35, 22, 23
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62310 Fax.+49 30 838 62323
    email:parasitologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Anthelmintic resistance is a serious problem in veterinary medicine and appears to be developing in some helminths of importance to human health. Anthelmintic drugs remain the principal means of control of helminth infections in animals and humans and the continued dependence on these pharmaceuticals will continue to impose selection pressure for resistance development. Our ability to detect anthelmintic resistance before control breaks down and to monitor the spread of anthelmintic resistance is quite limited. We are currently dependent on biological methods which are not sufficiently sensitive to detect low levels of drug resistance and are particularly difficult to perform on helminth parasites of humans. There is a serious need for new molecular markers for detecting and monitoring for anthelmintic resistance. The problem of anthelmintic resistance is already very serious in nematode parasites of livestock. In addition, there should be great concern about possible anthelmintic resistance development and the lack of tools and efforts for monitoring it as part of the major worldwide programmes to control helminth parasites in people. An international Consortium has been formed to develop Anthelmintic Resistance Single nucleotide polymorphism markers (CARS). Discussions within the Consortium have addressed the need for such markers, the current state of knowledge about them, possible mechanisms of anthelmintic resistance and approaches and constraints to the development of markers. Summaries of the state of the art in these areas are presented in a series of papers in this Special Issue of Parasitology.