Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin


Service-Navigation

    Publikationsdatenbank

    Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat (solipeds) (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ)
    EFSA Panel on Contaminats in the Food Chain (CONTAMIN)
    Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW)
    Fries, Reinhard (WE 8)
    Quelle
    EFSA Journal; 11(6) — S. 1–161
    ISSN: 1831-4732
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    URL (Volltext): http://www.efsa.europa.eu/de/efsajournal/doc/3263.pdf
    DOI: 10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3263
    Kontakt
    Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit und -hygiene

    Königsweg 69
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62550 Fax.+49 30 838 46029
    email:lebensmittelhygiene@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    A risk ranking process identified Trichinella spp. as the most relevant biological hazard in the context of meat inspection of domestic solipeds. Without a full and reliable soliped traceability system, it is considered that either testing all slaughtered solipeds for Trichinella spp., or inactivation meat treatments (heat or irradiation) should be used to maintain the current level of safety. With regard to general aspects of current meat inspection practices, the use of manual techniques during current post-mortem soliped meat inspection may increase microbial cross-contamination, and is considered to have a detrimental effect on the microbiological status of soliped carcass meat. Therefore, the use of visual-only inspection is suggested for “non-suspect” solipeds. For chemical hazards, phenylbutazone and cadmium were ranked as being of high potential concern. Monitoring programmes for chemical hazards should be more flexible and based on the risk of occurrence, taking into account Food Chain Information (FCI), covering the specific on-farm environmental conditions and individual animal treatments, and the ranking of chemical substances, which should be regularly updated and include new hazards. Sampling, testing and intervention protocols for chemical hazards should be better integrated and should focus particularly on cadmium, phenylbutazone and priority “essential substances” approved for treatment of equine animals. Implementation and enforcement of a more robust and reliable identification system throughout the European Union is needed to improve traceability of domestic solipeds. Meat inspection is recognised as a valuable tool for surveillance and monitoring of animal health and welfare conditions. If visual only post-mortem inspection is implemented for routine slaughter, a reduction in the detection of strangles and mild cases of rhodococcosis would occur. However, this was considered unlikely to affect the overall surveillance of both diseases. Improvement of FCI and traceability were considered as not having a negative effect on animal health and welfare surveillance.

    © European Food Safety Authority, 2013