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    Störungen des Wasserhaushaltes bei zwei Hunden und einer Katze mit ZNS-Erkrankungen (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Weingart, A (WE 20)
    Gruber, A D (WE 12)
    Kershaw, O (WE 12)
    Kohn, B (WE 20)
    Quelle
    Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde; 155(8) — S. 463–469
    ISSN: 0036-7281
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1024/0036-7281/a000492
    Pubmed: 23919973
    Kontakt
    Institut für Tierpathologie

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 15
    Gebäude 12
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62450

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Hypernatremia due to different pathophysiological mechanisms results in a rise in plasma osmolality. Dependent on its severity and on the speed of its development hyperosmolality can be life-threatening. This article describes 2 dogs and 1 cat with central nervous system disorders (adenoma of the pituitary gland, cerebral trauma). All patients developed normovolemic hypernatremia due to pituitary gland and hypothalamus dysfunction, respectively. Plasma sodium concentrations ranged from 163 to 185 mmol/l. Neurological examinations revealed lethargy, disturbances of consciousness, and ataxia, respectively. The dogs had to be euthanased due to the grave prognosis, the cat with cerebral trauma survived.