Gebäude 21, 1. OG
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To examine the connection between caecal size and urea concentration in the caecal contents urease inhibition was tested in conventional animals and urea and urease were administered to germ-free rats and mice. Administration of alloxan and barbituric acid and immunization with urease led to slightly larger caeca in conventional animals. Neomycin treatment caused a clear enlargement of the caecum. In germ-free animals urease administration led to a reduction in the caecal size, whereas urea in the drinking water caused enlargement. The urea concentration and the urease activity in the caecal contents correlated well with the caecal weights.