Gebäude 21, 1. OG
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Like in the other countries of Central Europe there was also m Baden an increasing need for afunctioning veterinary health administration with university-educated veterinarians from the mid ofthe 18th century onwards.In this work one finds a description of the "Viehkanzel", that is to say a chair of veterinarymedicine at Freiburg University that was founded by Kaiser Joseph 11. of Habsburg in the eightiesof the 18th century. An outline of the general history of Baden and veterinary medicne is alsoincluded.After the closing down of the "Viehkanzel" and the later "Veterinäranstalt" at the end of the 1 9thcentury there were some efforts that resulted in the foundation of the "Tierhygienische Abteilung"at the Institute of Hygiene at the faculty of medicine at Freiburg University. This departmentbecame necessary because of the continuing endangering of agricultural livestock by epidemicsand man by zoonoses as well as human poisoning caused by zoonoses and food.The work of the "Tierhygienische Abteilung" was made possible after some great progress inveterinary medicine, especially in microbiology and he development of an effective veterinarysystem.This paper deals in particular with the personal and structural development of the "TierhygienischesInstitut that became independant in 1900. special emphasis is put on scientic achievements in thefirst 75 years of its existence. However, due to political an financial changes since about 1970 thework begins at this point to concentrate more and more on the service sector to support veterinarysurgeons, agriculture and consumer protection.The reconstruction after world war 11 involving new tasks such as the eradication of chronicepidemics and the subsequent construction of the "Tiergesundheitsdienste" are described m detail.Strong emphasis is also laid on departments that are rather unusual for a public veterinarydiagnostic centre. These departments of the "Freiburger Institut" are therefore very particularamong examination offices in Baden-Württemberg and elsewhere.