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Vascular dynamics during development and regression of the bovine corpus luteum were investigated morphometrically in relation to immunolocalisation of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) and angiopoietin 2 (Ang-2) in the different cell types. Angiogenesis and remodelling of the capillary network between day 8 and 17 of the oestrous cycle was driven by luteal cells, which were highly immunopositive for VEGF-A. Thereafter, immunoreactivity for VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 was mainly found in vascular smooth muscle cells, the predominant cell type in late luteolysis. During early regression, apoptosis of luteal and endothelial cells was closely correlated, resulting in a significant decrease of capillarity. In late regression, an increase in capillary density was found, suggesting that regression and transformation into the corpus albicans requires adequate perfusion. In the phases of vascular remodelling, i.e. mature and late regressing corpus luteum, high scores of Ang-2-immunopositive endothelial and smooth muscle cells were found. Therefore, it may be hypothesised that Ang-2 supports the angiogenic effects of VEGF-A in these luteal stages. Results emphasise that precise staging and a differentiated view on the cellular populations is important in evaluating the controlled regression and transformation of the corpus luteum.