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    Phylogenetic and molecular analysis of food-borne shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Hauser, Elisabeth
    Mellmann, Alexander
    Semmler, Torsten (WE 7)
    Stoeber, Helen
    Wieler, Lothar H (WE 7)
    Karch, Helge
    Kuebler, Nikole
    Fruth, Angelika
    Harmsen, Dag
    Weniger, Thomas
    Tietze, Erhard
    Schmidt, Herbert
    Quelle
    Applied and environmental microbiology; 79(8) — S. 2731–2740
    ISSN: 0099-2240
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    URL (Volltext): http://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000019662
    DOI: 10.1128/AEM.03552-12
    Pubmed: 23417002
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    Institut für Mikrobiologie und Tierseuchen

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    Gebäude 35
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 83 8-518 40/518 43 Fax.+49 30 838 45 18 51
    email:mikrobiologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Seventy-five food-associated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains were analyzed by molecular and phylogenetic methods to describe their pathogenic potential. The presence of the locus of proteolysis activity (LPA), the chromosomal pathogenicity island (PAI) PAI ICL3, and the autotransporter-encoding gene sabA was examined by PCR. Furthermore, the occupation of the chromosomal integration sites of the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE), selC, pheU, and pheV, as well as the Stx phage integration sites yehV, yecE, wrbA, z2577, and ssrA, was analyzed. Moreover, the antibiotic resistance phenotypes of all STEC strains were determined. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed, and sequence types (STs) and sequence type complexes (STCs) were compared with those of 42 hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)-associated enterohemorrhagic E. coli (HUSEC) strains. Besides 59 STs and 4 STCs, three larger clusters were defined in this strain collection. Clusters A and C consist mostly of highly pathogenic eae-positive HUSEC strains and some related food-borne STEC strains. A member of a new O26 HUS-associated clone and the 2011 outbreak strain E. coli O104:H4 were found in cluster A. Cluster B comprises only eae-negative food-borne STEC strains as well as mainly eae-negative HUSEC strains. Although food-borne strains of cluster B were not clearly associated with disease, serotypes of important pathogens, such as O91:H21 and O113:H21, were in this cluster and closely related to the food-borne strains. Clonal analysis demonstrated eight closely related genetic groups of food-borne STEC and HUSEC strains that shared the same ST and were similar in their virulence gene composition. These groups should be considered with respect to their potential for human infection.