Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    The broader context of antibiotic resistance:
    zinc feed supplementation of piglets increases the proportion of multi-resistant Escherichia coli in vivo (2013)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Bednorz, Carmen (WE 7)
    Oelgeschläger, Kathrin (WE 7)
    Kinnemann, Bianca (WE 7)
    Hartmann, Susanne (WE 6)
    Neumann, Konrad
    Pieper, Robert (WE 4)
    Bethe, Astrid (WE 7)
    Semmler, Torsten (WE 7)
    Tedin, Karsten (WE 7)
    Schierack, Peter
    Wieler, Lothar H (WE 7)
    Guenther, Sebastian (WE 7)
    International journal of medical microbiology; 303(6/7) — S. 396–403
    ISSN: 1438-4221
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2013.06.004
    Pubmed: 23856339
    Institut für Mikrobiologie und Tierseuchen

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35
    14163 Berlin
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Following the Europe-wide ban of antimicrobial growth promoters, feed supplementation with zinc has increased in livestock breeding. In addition to possible beneficial effects on animal health, feed supplementation with heavy metals is known to influence the gut microbiota and might promote the spread of antimicrobial resistance via co-selection or other mechanisms. As Escherichia coli is among the most important pathogens in pig production and often displays multi-resistant phenotypes, we set out to investigate the influence of zinc feed additives on the composition of the E. coli populations in vivo focusing on phylogenetic diversity and antimicrobial resistance. In a piglet feeding trial, E. coli were isolated from ileum and colon digesta of high dose zinc-supplemented (2500ppm) and background dose (50ppm) piglets (control group). The E. coli population was characterized via pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) for the determination of the phylogenetic background. Phenotypic resistance screening via agar disk diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration testing was followed by detection of resistance genes for selected clones. We observed a higher diversity of E. coli clones in animals supplemented with zinc compared to the background control group. The proportion of multi-resistant E. coli was significantly increased in the zinc group compared to the control group (18.6% vs. 0%). For several subclones present both in the feeding and the control group we detected up to three additional phenotypic and genotypic resistances in the subclones from the zinc feeding group. Characterization of these subclones suggests an increase in antimicrobial resistance due to influences on plasmid uptake by zinc supplementation, questioning the reasonability of zinc feed additives as a result of the ban of antimicrobial growth promoters.