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To compare hyaluronic acid (HA) concentrations measured in synovial fluid (SF) of joints with different stages of canine secondary osteoarthritis (OA), clinical-orthopedic, radiographic, macroscopic intra-operative and SF findings of 49 joints were assessed. The sum of single findings was correlated to HA concentrations measured by a commercially available ELISA. Joints were categorized into three OA-groups: non-osteoarthritic, mildly osteoarthritic, and severely osteoarthritic. A significant negative correlation was found between severity of OA and HA concentrations (r=-0.696; P<0.001). Median values of HA concentrations decreased with increasing severity of the disease. Statistically significant differences in HA concentrations were observed between the OA-groups (P<0.001). Due to overlapping values between groups, it was concluded that synovial HA concentrations may only indicate a trend of osteoarthritic disease activity, but is not suitable for staging the disease.