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    Calculated and measured [Ca(2+)] in buffers used to calibrate Ca(2+) macroelectrodes (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    McGuigan, JA
    Stumpff, Friederike (WE 2)
    Quelle
    Analytical biochemistry; 436(1) — S. 29–35
    ISSN: 0003-2697
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2012.12.020.
    Pubmed: 23333223
    Kontakt
    Institut für Veterinär-Physiologie

    Oertzenweg 19 b
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62600
    physiologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The ionized concentration of calcium in physiological buffers ([Ca(2+)]) is normally calculated using either tabulated constants or software programs. To investigate the accuracy of such calculations, the [Ca(2+)] in EGTA [ethylene glycol-bis(β-aminoethylether)-N,N,N|,N|-tetraacetic acid], BAPTA [1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy) ethane-N,N,N|,N|-tetraacetic acid], HEDTA [N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-ethylenediamine-N,N|,N|-triacetic acid], and NTA [N,N-bis(carboxymethyl)glycine] buffers was estimated using the ligand optimization method, and these measured values were compared with calculated values. All measurements overlapped in the pCa range of 3.51 (NTA) to 8.12 (EGTA). In all four buffer solutions, there was no correlation between measured and calculated values; the calculated values differed among themselves by factors varying from 1.3 (NTA) to 6.9 (EGTA). Independent measurements of EGTA purity and the apparent dissociation constants for HEDTA and NTA were not significantly different from the values estimated by the ligand optimization method, further substantiating the method. Using two calibration solutions of pCa 2.0 and 3.01 and seven buffers in the pCa range of 4.0-7.5, calibration of a Ca(2+) electrode over the pCa range of 2.0-7.5 became a routine procedure. It is proposed that such Ca(2+) calibration/buffer solutions be internationally defined and made commercially available to allow the precise measurement of [Ca(2+)] in biology.