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    Prediction of motor responses to surgical stimuli during bilateral orchiectomy of pigs using nociceptive flexion reflexes and the bispectral index derived from the electroencephalogram (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Baars, Jan H
    Rintisch, Ulf (WE 18)
    Rehberg, Benno
    Lahrmann, Karl Heinz (WE 18)
    von Dincklage, Falk
    Quelle
    The veterinary journal; 195(3) — S. 377–381
    ISSN: 0372-5545
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.07.011
    Pubmed: 22980445
    Kontakt
    Klinik für Klauentiere

    Königsweg 65
    Gebäude 26
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62261
    klauentierklinik@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Movement responses to noxious stimuli during anaesthesia indicate nociception. Under experimental conditions consistent prediction of such movement responses has been achieved by the use of nociceptive flexion reflexes (NFRs). The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of NFRs and the electroencephalogram bispectral index (BIS) in predicting motor responses to real surgical stimuli in pigs. The study was undertaken in 30 pigs undergoing bilateral orchiectomy under ketamine/azaperone anaesthesia. During the operation, movement responses to seven distinct surgical steps that provided noxious stimuli of different intensity were evaluated. Any movement response of limbs or the head was considered as a positive response. For each surgical step the values of NFRs and the BIS obtained just prior to the step were tested as predictors of movement responses. The prediction probability for movement responses was 0.58±0.04 for the BIS and 0.76±0.03 for the NFRs. It was concluded that NFRs but not the BIS can predict the effectiveness of ketamine anaesthesia in terms of the suppression of movement responses to surgical stimuli.