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    Decreased emodepside sensitivity in unc-49 γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-receptor-deficient Caenorhabditis elegans (2012)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Miltsch, Sandra M
    Krücken, Jürgen (WE 13)
    Demeler, Janina (WE 13)
    Janssen, I Jana (WE 13)
    Krüger, Nina
    Harder, Achim
    von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg (WE 13)
    Quelle
    International Journal for Parasitology; 42(8) — S. 761–770
    ISSN: 0020-7519
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2012.05.009
    Pubmed: 22727682
    Kontakt
    Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35, 22, 23
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62310 Fax.+49 30 838 62323
    email:parasitologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Emodepside, a semi-synthetic derivative of PF1022A, belongs to a new class of anthelmintic drugs, the cyclooctadepsipeptides, and shows good efficacy against macrocyclic lactone-, levamisole- or benzimidazole-resistant nematode populations. Although putative receptors for emodepside have already been discovered, its mode of action is still not fully understood. The involvement of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-receptor on the PF1022A mode of action has previously been postulated. Therefore, a possible role of the GABA-receptor, unc-49, in the mode of action of emodepside was investigated using two different Caenorhabditis elegans in vitro assays, a motility assay and a development assay. It was found that there is a clearly reduced sensitivity against emodepside of strains carrying a GABA-receptor, unc-49, loss of function mutation compared with N2 wild type C. elegans. To transfer these results from the model system to parasitic nematodes, the Toxocara canis unc-49B cDNA sequence was identified and used in a rescue experiment. The emodepside-susceptible phenotype could be fully rescued by injection of the T. canis unc-49B cDNA sequence. We believe that this is the first functional rescue of a C. elegans mutant strain with a gene from a clade III parasitic nematode. These findings, together with the earlier data on GABA-receptor binding of PF1022A, suggest that the GABA(A)-receptor UNC-49 is associated with the emodepside mode of action. However, the only partially resistant phenotype of the loss of function mutants indicates that other pathways play a more significant role.