Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Analysis of Sertoli cell efficiency allows the differentiation between two fundamentally different forms of feline teratospermia (2013)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Jewgenow, K
    Pukazhenthi, B S
    Schoen, J (WE 19)
    Theriogenology; 79(2) — S. 261–266
    ISSN: 0093-691x
    DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2012.08.014
    Pubmed: 23174773
    Tierklinik für Fortpflanzung

    Königsweg 65
    Haus 27
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 62618 Fax.+49 30 838 62620

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Teratospermia is a common phenomenon within felid species and has been attributed to reduction in genetic diversity. Testes from teratospermic domestic cats show enhanced spermatogenesis accompanied by remarkably reduced germ cell apoptosis. In the present study we investigated whether free-range teratospermic tom cats exhibit a similar testicular phenotype as proven permanently teratospermic males. Randomly collected teratospermic cats were compared with normal (normospermic; >60% morphologically normal sperm per ejaculate) and a well-characterized population of permanently teratospermic domestic cats, with respect to their spermatogenic potential. Histomorphologic assessment of testes from randomly collected teratospermic cats revealed no differences compared with normospermic donors. These two groups, however, were both different from permanently teratospermic cats, which exhibit fewer Sertoli cells and increased numbers of round spermatids per tubule cross-section resulting in a remarkably increased Sertoli cell efficiency (ratio of round spermatids to Sertoli cells). In conclusion, we can distinguish at least two fundamentally different forms of feline teratospermia. One subtype, found in most of the randomly collected tom cats, but not associated with altered quantitative spermatogenic parameters. Another subtype, found in all permanently teratospermic felids, is manifested by an impairment of Sertoli cell efficiency. We suggest that spermatogenic output should be analyzed before using random source domestic cats to study the phenomenon of teratospermia.