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    Morphology of the transverse ligament of the atlas and the alar ligaments in the silver fox (Vulpes vulpes var) (2013)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Kupczynska, Marta
    Barszcz, Karolina
    Janczyk, Pawel (WE 1)
    Wasowicz, Michal
    Czubaj, Norbert
    Quelle
    BMC veterinary research; 9 — S. 64
    ISSN: 1746-6148
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    URL (Volltext): http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/9/64
    DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-9-64
    Pubmed: 23557095
    Kontakt
    Institut für Veterinär-Anatomie

    Koserstr. 20
    14195 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 838 53555 Fax.+49 30 838-53480
    email:anatomie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Recent new anatomical and histological features of craniocervical junction in dogs and cats were described providing evidence of differences between the carnivore species. No information on these structures in foxes exists.

    Two parts of the alar ligaments were found. A longer one aroused from dens of axis to the internal (medial) surface of the occipital condyles and was called apical part. A shorter part originated from the entire length of the lateral edge of the dens of axis and terminated on the internal wall of the vertebral foramen of atlas and thus was called the lateral part. The transverse ligament of the atlas was widened in the mid region, above the dens of axis, and thickened at enthesis. Periosteal fibrocartilage was detected in the transverse ligament of the atlas at the enthesis, and sesamoid fibrocartilage was present on periphery in the middle of the ligament.

    The craniocervical junction in foxes differs in part from other carnivores such as dogs and cats but resembles that of mesaticephalic dogs. The sesamoid and periosteal fibrocartilage supports the transverse ligament of the atlas whereas the alar ligaments have no cartilage.