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    Avian pathogenic, uropathogenic, and newborn meningitis-causing Escherichia coli:
    how closely related are they? (2007)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Ewers, Christa
    Li, Ganwu
    Wilking, Hendrik
    Kiessling, Sabine
    Alt, Katja
    Antáo, Esther-Maria
    Laturnus, Claudia
    Diehl, Ines
    Glodde, Susanne
    Homeier, Timo
    Böhnke, Ute
    Steinrück, Hartmut
    Philipp, Hans-C
    Wieler, Lothar H
    Quelle
    International journal of medical microbiology; 297(3) — S. 163–176
    ISSN: 1438-4221
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 17374506
    Kontakt
    Institut für Mikrobiologie und Tierseuchen

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35
    14163 Berlin
    Tel.+49 30 83 8-518 40/518 43 Fax.+49 30 838 45 18 51
    email:mikrobiologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC), and newborn meningitis-causing E. coli (NMEC) establish infections in extraintestinal habitats (extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli; ExPEC) of different hosts. As diversity, epidemiological sources, and evolutionary origins of ExPEC are so far only partially defined, we screened a collection of 526 strains of medical and veterinary origin of various O-types for assignment to E. coli reference collection (ECOR) group and virulence gene patterns. Results of ECOR typing confirmed that human ExPEC strains mostly belong to groups B2, followed by group D. Although a considerable portion of APEC strains did also fell into ECOR group B2 (35.1%), a higher amount (46.1%) belonged to group A, which has previously been described to also harbour strains with a high pathogenic potential for humans. The number of virulence-associated genes of single strains ranged from 5 to 26 among 33 genes tested and high numbers were rather related to K1-positive and ECOR B2 strains than to a certain pathotype. With a few exceptions (iha, afa/draB, sfa/foc, and hlyA), which were rarely present in APEC strains, most chromosomally located genes were widely distributed among all ExPEC strains irrespective of host and pathotype. However, prevalence of invasion genes (ibeA and gimB) and K1 capsule-encoding gene neuC indicated a closer relationship between APEC and NMEC strains. Genes associated with ColV plasmids (tsh, iss, and the episomal sit locus) were in general more prevalent in APEC than in UPEC and NMEC strains, indicating that APEC could be a source of ColV-located genes or complete plasmids for other ExPEC strains. Our data support the hypothesis that (a) poultry may be a vehicle or even a reservoir for human ExPEC strains, (b) APEC potentially serve as a reservoir of virulence-associated genes for UPEC and NMEC, (c) some ExPEC strains, although of different pathotypes, may share common ancestors, and (d) as a conclusion certain APEC subgroups have to be considered potential zoonotic agents. The finding of different evolutionary clusters within these three pathotypes implicates an independently and parallel evolution, which should be resolved in the future by thorough phylogenetic typing.