Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Comparative molecular analysis substantiates zoonotic potential of equine methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (2009)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Walther, Birgit
    Monecke, Stefan
    Ruscher, Claudia
    Friedrich, Alexander W
    Ehricht, Ralf
    Slickers, Peter
    Soba, Alexandra
    Wleklinski, Claus-G
    Wieler, Lothar H
    Lübke-Becker, Antina
    Journal of clinical microbiology; 47(3) — S. 704–710
    ISSN: 0095-1137
    DOI: 10.1128/JCM.01626-08
    Pubmed: 19109463
    Institut für Mikrobiologie und Tierseuchen

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13
    Gebäude 35
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 51840 / 51843

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Despite the increasing importance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in veterinary medicine, knowledge about the epidemiology of the pathogen in horses is still poor. The phylogenetic relationship of strains of human and equine origins has been addressed before, usually by analyzing results of common standard classification methods for MRSA. This work intends to go beyond the baseline of typing procedures in order to comparatively characterize equine and human MRSA strains with similar phylogenetic backgrounds. In addition to multilocus sequence typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, spa typing, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec typing, and a PCR for Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene detection, a microarray analysis of a total of 185 structural, virulence-associated, and resistance loci was applied. The results showed that clonal complex 8 (CC8) was absolutely predominant (16 strains) in 19 investigated equine MRSA strains. Of the CC8 strains, 13 belonged to sequence type 254 (ST254) and the other 3 to ST8. This genotype has been isolated from different equine patients in various regions over several years, substantiating the apparent predominance of CC8 STs in MRSA strains of horses worldwide. Furthermore, comparatively investigated human strains of ST254 displayed molecular-typing results indistinguishable from those for strains of equine origin. Two further equine strains (ST22 and ST1117) showed similarity to ST22 human strains (CC22). One equine strain belonged to ST398, a genotype recently described as being frequently isolated from specimens from pigs and pig farmers. These data provide evidence for the adaptation of certain MRSA genotypes to more than one mammalian species, reflecting their extended host spectra.