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To evaluate the effects of porcine mucin- and carboxymethylcellulose-based (CMC) solutions on the inhibition of demineralization of pre-demineralized bovine enamel and dentin in vitro. Additionally the sugar substitutes sorbit or xylit were added to the various solutions.
54 enamel and dentin samples were prepared from 14 freshly extracted permanent bovine central incisors. The samples were demineralized (pH 5.0 for enamel and pH 5.5 for dentin; 14 days) and subsequently exposed to either mucin- or CMC-based solutions combined with xylit and sorbit at pH 5.5. After in vitro exposure, the specimens were cut perpendicular to the enamel/dentin surface and the sections were ground (4000 grit) to a uniform thickness (100 microm). Mineral loss and lesion depths were evaluated from microradiographs with a dedicated software package (TMR 18.104.22.168).
For both dental hard tissues, storage in the mucin-containing solutions resulted in significantly higher lesion depths (deltaLD), but lower mineral loss values (deltadeltaZ) compared to the CMC-containing solutions (P< 0.05; 2-way ANOVA). For the dentin specimens, significant differences in deltadeltaZ were observed between sorbit and xylit (P< 0.05; 2-way ANOVA). The mineral loss and lesion depths of the enamel specimens did not differ significantly after storage in the various solutions (P> 0.05; Bonferroni post hoc test). For the dentin specimens stored in the solution containing mucin/xylit the mineral loss was significantly decreased compared to the other mucin groups as well as to the CMC/xylit solution (P< 0.05; Bonferroni post hoc test).