Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Comparison of different sampling techniques and enumeration methods for the isolation and quantification of Campylobacter spp. in raw retail chicken legs (2006)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Scherer, K
    Bartelt, E
    Sommerfeld, C
    Hildebrandt, G
    International Journal of Food Microbiology; 108(1) — S. 115–119
    ISSN: 0168-1605
    Pubmed: 16545475
    Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit und -hygiene

    Königsweg 69
    14163 Berlin
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Comparable quantitative data of Campylobacter spp. on chicken products are a major data lack for quantitative risk assessment approaches. The objective of this study was to compare two different sampling techniques for the isolation and enumeration of Campylobacter spp. in chicken and to evaluate a suitable enumeration method comparing the most probable number (MPN) technique to the direct plating method. For this, 90 packages containing at least two raw chicken legs were examined for the comparison of sampling techniques, rinsing one leg and homogenizing 25 g of skin of the other leg of each package; both sample preparation types were examined by direct plating method and MPN technique in 40 out of 90 packages. Of the skin samples, 70% (63/90), and of the rinse samples, 77% (69/90), were Campylobacter-positive. Enumeration of Campylobacter spp. by direct plating revealed a median of log 4 cfu/leg surface in skin samples (S.D.=0.6) and a median of log 4.3 cfu/leg surface in rinse samples (S.D.=0.9) of the rinse samples; 73% (37/51) had higher numbers of Campylobacter spp. than the skin samples although the difference was not significant (p=0.08). The correlation coefficient of Campylobacter counts in skin and rinse samples was 0.43. The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in rinse samples was 58% (23/40). In 5% (2/40) of the rinse samples, numbers of Campylobacter spp. could be detected only by the MPN technique due to the lower detection limit compared to the direct plating method. The MPN technique turned out to be unsuitable for the enumeration of Campylobacter spp. in skin samples because a layer formation on the top of the incubated MPN-tubes leads to irregular MPN results. Out of 80% (16/20) of the compared rinse samples, the direct plating detected higher numbers of Campylobacter spp., with a median count of log 4.2 cfu/leg surface (S.D.=1) compared the MPN technique where a median of log 4 cfu/leg surface (S.D.=1.1) was obtained. The difference was not significant (p=0.05). A highly positive correlation coefficient of 0.9 was observed between the direct plating and the MPN technique. Both sampling methods, rinsing the chicken leg and homogenizing the skin, are suitable for the detection and quantification of Campylobacter spp.; the direct plating method was superior to the MPN technique for enumerating Campylobacter spp. in raw chicken legs at retail level because enumeration is more rapid and less laborious.