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    Short communication: survey of fresh cow management practices of dairy cattle on small and large commercial farms (2010)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Heuwieser, W.
    Iwersen, M.
    Gossellin, J.
    Drillich, M.
    Quelle
    Journal of Dairy Science; 93(3) — S. 1065–1068
    ISSN: 0022-0302
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.3168/jds.2009-2783
    Pubmed: 20172227
    Kontakt
    Tierklinik für Fortpflanzung

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    14163 Berlin
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    email:fortpflanzungsklinik@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The objective was to conduct a survey of current fresh cow management practices that have an effect on health and diseases postpartum considering different herd sizes of commercial dairy farms. A mail survey regarding aspects of the fresh cow program including general management issues, calving, diseases, and veterinary service was conducted utilizing a convenience sample. A total of 429 survey forms were returned (12.0% response rate) and could be used for final analysis. Only 21.6% of the farms had a designated fresh cow pen. Almost every farm executed some type of fresh cow examination. Only 18.5% of farm managers documented the observations. Most of the dairy managers used more or less subjective criteria such as general appearance (97.0%) and appetite (69.7%). Only a minority of the responding dairy managers monitored their fresh cows using objective (fever 33.6%) or semiquantitative measures (subclinical ketosis 2.8%; body condition score 36.4%). On most farms, the veterinarian visited the herd only if needed (72.6%). Most cases of retained fetal membranes were treated by manual removal (72.3%) and antibiotic pills (89.5%). Several challenges and opportunities were identified to improve cow management practices.