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Serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B/1D receptors control serotonin (5-HT) release and are targets for the pharmacological treatment of psychiatric disorders. We investigated effects of the 5-HT1B/1D antagonist GR127935, the 5-HT1A antagonist WAY 100635 and a combination of both in guinea pigs on the behaviour in the forced swimming test and on extracellular 5-HT in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex using in vivo microdialysis. Tissue content of 5-HT, 5-HIAA and 5-HT turnover (ratio 5-HIAA/5-HT) were determined in a sample containing i) the median and dorsal raphe nuclei, ii) the frontal cortex, or iii) the ventral hippocampus ex vivo. BEHAVIOUR: Administration of WAY 100635 (0.3-3.0 mg/kg, i.p.) or GR127935 (1.0-10.0 mg/kg, i.p.) or the combination of both delayed immobility in the forced swim test. MICRODIALYSIS: Systemic administration of WAY 100635 (1 mg/kg i.p.), perfusion with GR127935 (10 microM perfused into the frontal cortex) in the medial prefrontal cortex or the combination of both treatments had no significant effect on extracellular 5-HT. 5-HT TISSUE CONTENT AND 5-HT TURNOVER IN THE TISSUE: Compared to controls, WAY 100635, GR127935 and the combination thereof, decreased cortical 5-HT (-30%), increased 5-HIAA and consequently 5-HT turnover in the cortex threefold and the raphe nuclei twofold. WAY 100635 decreased 5-HT in the hippocampus (-40%), too. WAY 100635 and GR127935 and their combination increased hippocampal 5-HIAA and 5-HT turnover twofold, compared to controls. The results suggest that both 5-HT1 antagonists have subtle effects on 5-HT function under resting conditions; combined treatment has no superior effects compared to solitary treatment.