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    Altered nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) fluorescence in dt sz mutant hamsters reflects differences in striatal metabolism between severe and mild dystonia (2009)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Hamann, Melanie
    Richter, Angelika
    Fink, Heidrun
    Rex, André
    Quelle
    Journal of Neuroscience Research; 87(3) — S. 776–783
    ISSN: 0360-4012
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1002/jnr.21891
    Pubmed: 18831004
    Kontakt
    Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie

    Koserstr. 20
    14195 Berlin
    +49 30 838 53221
    pharmakologie@vetmed.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    The dt(sz) mutant hamster represents a unique rodent model of idiopathic paroxysmal dystonia. Previous data, collected post-mortem or in anesthetized hamsters under basal conditions, indicated the critical involvement of enhanced striatal neuronal activity. To assess the importance of an enhanced striatal neuronal activity directly during a dystonic episode, continuous monitoring of changes in brain metabolism and therefore neuronal activity indirectly in awake, freely moving animals is necessary. Determination of CNS metabolism by NADH measurement by laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy in conscious dt(sz) and nondystonic control hamsters revealed reversible decreased NADH fluorescence during dystonic episodes. The degree of change corresponded to the severity of dystonia. This study represents the first application of this innovative method in freely moving animals exhibiting a movement disorder. Our data clearly confirm that the expression of paroxysmal dystonia in dt(sz) mutant hamsters is associated with enhanced striatal neuronal activity and further underscore the versatile application of NADH fluorescence measurements in neuroscience.